Security Camera Policy
Purpose of Security Cameras
Selected areas of the library are equipped with video cameras for the protection and safety of customers, employees, assets, property, and to identify persons breaking the law or violating the library’s Code of Conduct. A sign is posted at the library entrance informing the public that security cameras are in use.
The purpose of this policy is to establish guidelines for the placement and use of digital video cameras and still photographs, as well as the access and retrieval of recorded digital video images and still photographs at the Harris-Elmore Public Library and its Genoa Branch. Video monitoring and recording will be conducted in a manner consistent with all existing and applicable federal, state, and local laws.
Security Camera Locations
Reasonable efforts are made to safeguard the privacy of customers and employees. The video security cameras are positioned to record only those areas specified by the Director/designee, and will complement other measures to maintain a safe and secure environment in compliance with library policies. Camera locations shall not be changed or added without permission of the Director.
Cameras may be installed in locations where staff and customers would not have an expectation of privacy. Examples include common areas of the library such as entrances, near book and media collections, public seating, delivery areas and parking lots. Cameras will not be installed in areas where staff and public have a reasonable expectation of privacy, such as restrooms; nor are they positioned to identify a person’s reading, viewing or listening activities in the library.
Access to Digital Images
All library staff may have access to real-time images, viewable on desktop monitors. The frequency of viewing and the amount of video viewed will be limited to the minimum needed to give assurance that the system is working, to monitor a potential violation of the library Code of Conduct, or to ascertain if footage is available relative to a specific incident.
Only the Director, Assistant Director, Branch Manager, and designated Senior Library Personnel are authorized to access the recorded archival data in pursuit of incidents of criminal activity, litigation, or violation of the Library Code of Conduct. Authorized individuals, with notice to the Director, may ask other staff to review recorded data to ascertain security concerns related to a specific incident.
Such persons shall not violate any laws relevant to this policy in performing their duties and functions related to the video security system.
Library employees are to review and comply with this policy.
Use/Disclosure of Video Records
Video records and still photographs may be used by authorized individuals to identify those responsible for library policy violations, criminal activity on library property, or actions considered disruptive to normal library operations.
Video records may be shared with authorized library employees when appropriate or, upon approval by the Director, other library staff to identify those suspended from library property and to maintain a safe, secure and policy-compliant environment.
Under certain circumstances, individuals authorized under this policy may use a still photograph or selected portions of recorded data to request law enforcement review for assessing the security risk of a specific individual or for investigating a crime on library property.
Video records shall not be used or disclosed other than as specifically authorized by this policy.
Video records may contain personally identifiable information about an individual who has used any library service or borrowed any library materials (“patron information”), and will be accorded the same level of confidentiality and protection provided to library users by Ohio state law (including, but not limited to ORC §149.432, “Releasing Library Record or Patron Information”), Harris-Elmore Public Library policies, and the American Library Association policies on confidentiality and privacy.
All requests for security camera footage or still photographs by law enforcement will be referred to the Library Director. In his or her absence, direct requests to the Senior Administrative Person.
In the event of a search warrant, which is executable immediately, library Administration will comply with the search warrant and consult with legal counsel. Upon receipt of a subpoena or other court order, Library Administration shall consult with legal counsel to determine if the document is in proper form and that good cause for its issuance in a court of proper jurisdiction is demonstrated. If not, Library Administration shall insist any defect be remedied before releasing records which contain patron information.
General Public Requesting Access to Security Camera Footage
Confidentiality/privacy issues prohibit the general public from viewing security camera footage that contains patron information. If the library receives a request from the general public to inspect security camera footage which contains patron information, the general public will be advised to file a police complaint.
Retention of Digital Images
Images from the library video security system are stored digitally on hardware in the library. Security camera footage is kept confidential and security recording equipment is housed in a locked area. Recordings are kept for no longer than 30 days in accordance with the library’s records retention schedule, unless required as part of an ongoing investigation or litigation.
In situations involving banned patrons, stored still images may be shared with library staff. Shared images may remain posted in restricted staff areas for the duration of the banning period.
Unauthorized Access and/or Disclosure
A breach of this Policy may result in disciplinary action up to and including dismissal. Any library employee who becomes aware of any unauthorized disclosure of a video record and/or a potential privacy breach has a responsibility to immediately inform the Director of the breach
Disclaimer of Responsibility
A copy of this policy may be shared with any patron or staff member upon request. The policy is also posted on the Harris-Elmore Public Library’s official website.
Questions from the public may be directed to the Library Director.
In all other respects, recorded data will be accorded the same level of confidentiality and protection provided to library users by Ohio State law, Harris-Elmore Public Library policies, and the American Library Association policies on confidentiality.
The library disclaims any liability for use of the video data in accordance with the terms of this policy, given that the library is a public facility and the security cameras shall be limited to those areas where patrons and/or staff have no reasonable expectation of privacy.
Passed by the Library Board of Trustees
January 10, 2022